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Hope Library Guides

ENGL 113 - Salah - In-class Stuff

Primary Sources Online

Primary sources include a variety of materials written or created during the time period of the topic you are researching. They also include things written at a later date by a participant in the events being studied (e.g., memoirs).

Primary sources allow researchers to get as close as possible to a historical event or time period via the viewpoints of actual participants or observers.

The library has full-text online archives of the following American newspapers, which make for great primary historical sources:



There are also many primary source collections available freely on the web.  Below are a few general suggestions.

  • Library of Congress - Library of Congress online collection of materials documenting American history